Chinese aggression along the Line of Actual Control is increasingly becoming a matter of grave concern. In April 2020, Chinese troops breached the Western sector of the LAC at Galwan Valley in Ladakh. The escalation in tensions that followed led to loss of life on both sides. Critical vantage points are now under Chinese occupation, leaving roads and other Indian infrastructure under constant threat. More recently on the Eastern side, the construction of two Chinese villages was reported in the past 11 months within Indian territory in Upper Subansiri and Shi Yomi districts of Arunachal Pradesh. Both villages lie north of India’s perception of the LAC but are 4 to 6 kilometers within Indian territory, as measured from the international border. By accelerating the construction of border towns and villages along the LAC, China could be attempting a legitimisation of its claims over the disputed territory. This is a challenge to India’s territorial integrity.
With each passing day, Beijing continues to build itself militarily and economically. It is apparent from the continuous denying of the presence of Chinese troops in Indian territory that the Government and the Prime Minister himself have consciously decided to downplay the Chinese threat. There is no guarantee or proof that this sidestepping of its transparency obligations to the Indian public will prevent further escalation of tensions at the border. Any democratically elected government is primarily answerable to its citizens. In fact, public communication on the border crises is likely to increase the nation’s confidence in the Government.
I hence urge the Government to offer clarifications regarding the following:
- The present status of Chinese aggression along the LAC.
- The various infrastructural projects undertaken by China at different regions along the LAC.
- The location and other details of the patrol points along the LAC in Ladakh that India had access to in April 2020 but does not have access to in December 2021.
- The distance from the international border at which Chinese villages have been constructed in Shi Yomi and Upper Subansiri districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
- Steps taken to initiate a clarification of the India-China LAC.
- Location and details of India’s perception of the LAC, especially in the Eastern sector.